Bitcoin is a type of cryptocurrency which was initially brought by an unknown person called Satoshi Nakamoto. In October 2008, a document was published online by him where he suggested a way of creating a system for a decentralized currency called bitcoin. It is basically a type of digital currency where records of all transactions are in a decentralized system.
It is through blockchain by which all the transactions of a currency are being recorded. This process of the transaction by the network is known as mining. Bitcoin price enforces the chronological order in the system. Therefore, the system of cryptocurrency claims to create digital money that solves the double-spend problem without the need for a central authority.
Features of bitcoin
They are decentralized, i.e. not controlled by banks and government
These are entirely digital, i.e. can be maintained virtually
They are transparent, i.e. transparency is maintained
There are many other cryptocurrencies like bitcoin with different protocols and prices, but they have their similarities.
Supply is limited: Its supply is limited because they are already pre-decided for a long period.
Focus on privacy: Whatever the type of cryptocurrency it might be, it doesn’t let anyone interfere or intervene in its matter.
Market forces: Any government agency cannot control these. An institution or rich investor cannot decide the prices. It depends on market forces.
Such cryptocurrency can be bought by either using money or getting paid with this in return for selling something. It can also be created using a computer. But before buying such cryptocurrency, one ought to install wallet software on their pc, which will let them send, receive and transfer bitcoin. Later they have to deposit the money in the platform, which will connect the buyers and sellers. This is the way the whole system works.