Rail transport was a pioneer in the transport of goods. The fact that the term freight train predominates speaks to the important role of railways in transportation. While the railways were reasonably fast, they were limited to areas with railways. It will be several decades before faster and more flexible means of transport appear.
The use of rail services is increasing in the transport of bulky goods, as well as goods on pallets.
It is due to the advantages of rail transport over other transportation options. It has reduced traffic congestion as a single freight train can carry goods that multiple trucks could otherwise carry. In most developed countries, railways offer the best freight transportation services.
Rail freight transport offers a versatile mode of transport capable of transporting a wide range of goods. It ranges from large to small cargo, perishable and non-perishable goods, and urgent and non-urgent merchandise. For example, if the goods being transported include automobiles, a metal pallet may be purchased to provide secure support for the vehicles and prevent damage to the goods. Other cars, such as commercial air or sea transport, are such that a single aircraft or vessel is designed to transport a specific category of goods.
The rates charged for transporting goods by rail are relatively low compared to other modes of transport, such as commercial air and sea transport. It is due to the low cost of materials and fuels involved in the mode of transportation. For example, if you compare the rates a shipping company charges for transporting goods of the same weight and size to the same location using commercial air and rail, you will find that rail is cheaper.
Rail transport has a higher capacity in terms of freight transport than most other modes of regional freight transport. It is because, with the help of the railway, you can transport goods that weigh more than 100 million tons. Compared to other modes, such as trucks, rail transport is preferred by business people who move large volumes of goods regionally. It is because the railway allows goods to be shipped in bulk while at the same time reducing the risk of losing some goods in transit.
The nature of rail transport is such that it is more reliable than other modes of transportation. It is mainly because it is not affected by weather conditions, as in the case of commercial air, sea, and road transport. For example, when there is heavy rain or a storm in a specific area, other modes of transportation are severely affected, and some cannot even operate. These mainly include air and road transport, where the infrastructure needs to improve.
Some items, mostly perishable items, may be damaged due to delays. With rail transport, weather conditions cannot significantly affect delivery.